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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis

Betula alleghaniensis Britton var. alleghaniensis

Yellow Birch

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Synonym(s): Betula alleghaniensis var. fallax, Betula lutea, Betula lutea var. fallax

USDA Symbol: BEALA

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

This is the largest of the native birches. Never tear bark from living trees; you could scar or even kill the tree.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate , Oblong , Obovate , Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Margin: Dentate , Serrate
Leaf Base: Cordate , Cuneate
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Inflorescence: Catkin
Fruit Type: Achene
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit:

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown

Distribution

USA: CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Habitat: Forest,Wet Meadow/Prairie/Field

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Loam

Benefit

Use Wildlife: Hummingbirds
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Larval Host: Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
(Papilio glaucus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1990 VOL. 7, NO.1 - Congress Eyes Larger Issue, Research Update, Director's Report, Carlton B. Lees ...

Additional resources

USDA: Find Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis

Metadata

Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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