Ardisia escallonioides Schiede & Deppe ex Schltdl. & Cham.
Island Marlberry, Marbleberry, Marlberry
Myrsinaceae (Myrsine Family)
Synonym(s): Icacorea paniculata
USDA Symbol: ARES
A small tree or bushy shrub with long, glossy, oblong leaves. Crown narrow, rounded; branches slender, upright. Flowers are small and white, appearing in dense, terminal clusters. Dark purple fruits appear in spring.
USDA Plants misspelled the specific epithet as escallonoides. Correction made 7/2/13. JAM.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Creamy white to pinkish. May flower intermittently year-round. Peak season is summer through fall.
Native Distribution: S. FL through the West Indies to Mex.
Native Habitat: Shell ridges; cabbage palm hammocks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained, ridge soils.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is not difficult but takes time. Germination usually takes six months.
Commercially Avail: yes
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 978 - Allelochemical activity in Ardisia species (Myrsinaceae) against selected arthropods (1998) J. W. Neal, J. C. Davis, J. A. Bentz, J. D. Warthe...
Reslit 986 - Comparative in vitro bioactivities of tea extracts from six species of Ardisia and their effect on growth inhibition of HepG2 cells (2010) A. M. B. Newell, G. G. Yousef, M. A. Lila, M. V. R...
Reslit 1053 - The biology of Periploca sp. (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae): A gall maker on Ardisia escallonioides (Myrsinaceae) (1996) J. B. Pascarella
Reslit 1054 - Breeding systems of Ardisia Sw (Myrsinaceae) (1997) J. B. Pascarella
Reslit 1055 - The mating system of the tropical understory shrub Ardisia escallonioides (Myrsinaceae) (1997) J. B. Pascarella
Reslit 1056 - Hurricane disturbance, plant-animal interactions, and the reproductive success of a tropical shrub (1998) J. B. Pascarella
Reslit 1057 - Resiliency and response to hurricane disturbance in a tropical shrub, Ardisia escallonioides (Myrsinaceae), in south Florida (1998) J. B. Pascarella
Reslit 1060 - Hurricane disturbance and the population dynamics of a tropical understory shrub: Megamatrix elasticity analysis (1998) J. B. Pascarella and C. C. Horvitz
Reslit 1420 - The many growth rates and elasticities of populations in random environments (2003) S. Tuljapurkar, C. C. Horvitz and J. B. Pascarella
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Ardisia escallonioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ardisia escallonioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ardisia escallonioides
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff