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Ardisia escallonioides

Ardisia escallonioides Schiede & Deppe ex Schltdl. & Cham.

Island Marlberry, Marbleberry, Marlberry

Myrsinaceae (Myrsine Family)

Synonym(s): Icacorea paniculata


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A small tree or bushy shrub with long, glossy, oblong leaves. Crown narrow, rounded; branches slender, upright. Flowers are small and white, appearing in dense, terminal clusters. Dark purple fruits appear in spring.

USDA Plants misspelled the specific epithet as escallonoides. Correction made 7/2/13. JAM.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Creamy white to pinkish. May flower intermittently year-round. Peak season is summer through fall.


Native Distribution: S. FL through the West Indies to Mex.
Native Habitat: Shell ridges; cabbage palm hammocks

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained, ridge soils.


Description: Propagation by seed is not difficult but takes time. Germination usually takes six months.
Commercially Avail: yes


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ardisia escallonioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ardisia escallonioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ardisia escallonioides


Record Modified: 2023-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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