Vitis rotundifolia Michx.
Muscadine, Scuppernong Grape
Vitaceae (Grape Family)
Synonym(s): Muscadinia rotundifolia
USDA Symbol: viro3
Muscadine is a vigorous, high-climbing or prostrate, deciduous vine, sometimes reaching lengths in excess of 90 ft. Large leaves are round and shiny with broad, blunt teeth. Shiny, purple-black to bronze berries ripen in Sept. and Oct. and fall promptly. The bark of this wild grape is not exfoliating.
The berries make good jelly.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: High climbing or sprawling, up to about 90 feet long.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Flowers and fruits year-round in southern Florida.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: FL to e. TX, n. to PA & MO
Native Habitat: Open woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: The berries make good jelly.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible Plants for North Georgia
January 10, 2010
We are planning a forest food garden in the hollers of the N GA Mountains. Which edible fruit, nut, berry, herb and creepers would be best for this reddish, clay-like soil? The food garden is in...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vitis rotundifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vitis rotundifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vitis rotundifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-25
Research By: TWC Staff