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Viola missouriensis Greene
Violaceae (Violet Family)
Synonym(s): Viola sororia var. missouriensis
USDA Symbol: vimi3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Violets are a sign that spring has arrived, and this is often one of the most common violets found within its range. It prefers well-drained woodland soil, where it can colonize via rhizomes to send up numerous glowing purple blossoms in early spring.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual , Perennial
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to 6 inches high.
Flower: Flowers up to 1 inch across.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Color usually purple or lavender, but can also be white. In Texas, typically blooms for 3 weeks in early spring.
DistributionUSA: AR , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , NE , NM , OH , OK , TN , TX , WI
Native Distribution: MN to GA to NM.
Native Habitat: Woodlands and riverine forests
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Well-drained sand, loam, clay, or limestone
Conditions Comments: Will go dormant during droughts.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Good for the moist but well-drained woodland shade garden
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0733 Collected Mar 8, 1993 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1017 Collected 2007-05-23 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Viola missouriensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola missouriensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola missouriensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: DEW