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Veronica americana Schwein. ex Benth.
American Speedwell, American Brooklime
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)
USDA Symbol: veam2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (W)
Erect or leaning, leafy stems have small blue flowers in several open racemes, 1 in each upper leaf axil.
Plants spread from rhizomes shallowly buried in the mud, and can quickly form dense patches in slow-moving or still water. The genus name may commemorate St. Veronica.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Stems decumbent or ascending, up to about 20 inches long.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Blue
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: Throughout much of Canada and United States, south to Mexico in the West; in East absent from southeasternmost states.
Native Habitat: Wet places.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0783 Collected Feb 19, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Veronica americana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Veronica americana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Veronica americana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff