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Tetraneuris scaposa (DC.) Greene
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: tesc2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Four-nerve daisy is a low, upright, silvery perennial to 1 ft., or more, from a woody base. The solitary stem is much-branched at the base forming a clump. The solitary flower heads occur at the end of silky, leafless stalks. The tip of each yellow ray flower is three-toothed. Four dark purple veins are visible on both sides of the ray. Disc flowers are also yellow. Long, narrow, silvery-green leaves are crowded mostly toward the base.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Main bloom period is Mar-Jun. May bloom year-round under the right conditions.
DistributionUSA: CO , KS , NE , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: Colorado and Nebraska south through Texas and New Mexico to northeastern Mexico as far south as Zacatecas
Native Habitat: Dry plains; rocky hillsides. Widespread over Texas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky, clay and limestone soils. Clay, Clay Loam Medium Loam, Sandy Loam Sandy, Caliche type, Limestone-based
Conditions Comments: Four-nerve daisy is heat and drought tolerant. It prefers dry, well-drained soils. The grass-like foliage works well in sunny rock gardens, container gardens and borders. Especially desirable because it blooms often throughout the winter months.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial garden, Rock gardens, Border, Rocky hillside
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed when it falls off easily, year-round.
Seed Treatment: Fresh seed may germinate better. Treat with Rootshield. Transplant to 4" when second leaves appear, even though plants are tiny.
Maintenance: They grow slowly. Try not to water too much or inconsistently.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
Good day, I am searching for a list of native Texas flowers (preferably perennials) for a flower garden. Thank you.
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0194 Collected Mar. 16, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0202 Collected Apr 4, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Tetraneuris scaposa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-27
Research By: LAL