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Solidago flexicaulis L.
Zigzag Goldenrod, Broadleaf Goldenrod
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Solidago latifolia
USDA Symbol: sofl2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
This woodland goldenrod, with erect, somewhat zig-zag stems, bears small flower heads on short axillary stalks from the upper leaves. The plant is 8-48 in. tall with pointed, alternate, oval leaves that are coarsely toothed.
This goldenrod attracts butterflies.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Normally 2 to 4 feet high.
Fruit: White. Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Que. to e. ND, s. to GA, AR & n.e. KS, mostly in mountains
Native Habitat: Sandy stream banks; rich woods; slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Various rich, mesic, acid soils. Tolerates lime.
Conditions Comments: Very easy care for a woodland plant, it does not require mulching as it is adapted to dry conditions.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Good for subtle autumn color
Use Wildlife: Flowers attract butterflies. Seeds attract Swamp Sparrows, Pine Siskins, and Meadow Mice.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Fresh seed or root division. will spread on its own.
Seed Collection: Seeds ripen soon after plant blooms.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 928 - 100 easy-to-grow native plants for Canadian gardens (2005) Johnson, L.; A. Leyerle
Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago flexicaulis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago flexicaulis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago flexicaulis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-16
Research By: TWC Staff