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Salvia regla Cav.
Mountain Sage, Royal Sage
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
USDA Symbol: sare4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The showy, bright-red, tubular flowers of this ornamental, much-branched shrub occur in loose, terminal racemes. These top 3-5 ft. stems which bear glossy, aromatic, heart-shaped, deciduous leaves.
Flowers attract hummingbirds. This plant is disease and insect-free, drought tolerant, and adaptable to a variety of sites.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Very showy crimson flowers.
Native Distribution: W. TX, in Chisos Mts.; also Mex.
Native Habitat: Native to the rocky wooded slopes of the Chisos Mountains and adapted to the rolling and high plains area. Often called one of the most beautiful shrubs of the Chisos Mountains.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Prefers well-drained rocky soils, but very adaptable to other sites in cultivation.
Conditions Comments: Mountain sage's striking orange-red flower are hummingbird favorites. Disease and insect free, drought tolerant, and adaptable to a variety of sites. Once established, do not fertilize. Periodically prune to encourage bushy growth and more blooms, which occur on new wood.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Long-blooming, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-hummingbirds
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Most easily grown from softwood or semi-hardwood tip cuttings. Application of a rooting hormone improves rooting. Rooting should occur within three weeks. Also propagated from fresh, untreated seed sown in spring or root layering.
Seed Collection: Collect the seeds as the capsules begin to dry but before they have dropped the seeds. Spread seeds in thin layers to dry a few days before storing in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: After an extended period of flowering, you may wish to prune it halfway back to produce thicker, more compact foliage. Cut it back each winter to encourage bushy growth. Once established, it should not be fertilized.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Webref 1 - Texas Native Shrubs (2002) Texas A&M University Agriculture Program and Leslie Finical, Dallas Arboretum
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salvia regla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salvia regla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salvia regla
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-27
Research By: TWC Staff, GHH