Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Salvia regla (Mountain sage)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Salvia regla

Salvia regla Cav.

Mountain Sage, Royal Sage

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)


USDA Symbol: sare4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The showy, bright-red, tubular flowers of this ornamental, much-branched shrub occur in loose, terminal racemes. These top 3-5 ft. stems which bear glossy, aromatic, heart-shaped, deciduous leaves.

Flowers attract hummingbirds. This plant is disease and insect-free, drought tolerant, and adaptable to a variety of sites.


From the Image Gallery

19 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Fruit: Nutlets.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Very showy crimson flowers.


Native Distribution: W. TX, in Chisos Mts.; also Mex.
Native Habitat: Native to the rocky wooded slopes of the Chisos Mountains and adapted to the rolling and high plains area. Often called one of the most beautiful shrubs of the Chisos Mountains.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Prefers well-drained rocky soils, but very adaptable to other sites in cultivation.
Conditions Comments: Mountain sage's striking orange-red flower are hummingbird favorites. Disease and insect free, drought tolerant, and adaptable to a variety of sites. Once established, do not fertilize. Periodically prune to encourage bushy growth and more blooms, which occur on new wood.


Use Ornamental: Showy, Long-blooming, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-hummingbirds
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal


Propagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Most easily grown from softwood or semi-hardwood tip cuttings. Application of a rooting hormone improves rooting. Rooting should occur within three weeks. Also propagated from fresh, untreated seed sown in spring or root layering.
Seed Collection: Collect the seeds as the capsules begin to dry but before they have dropped the seeds. Spread seeds in thin layers to dry a few days before storing in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: After an extended period of flowering, you may wish to prune it halfway back to produce thicker, more compact foliage. Cut it back each winter to encourage bushy growth. Once established, it should not be fertilized.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX


Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Webref 1 - Texas Native Shrubs (2002) Texas A&M University Agriculture Program and Leslie Finical, Dallas Arboretum

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salvia regla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salvia regla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salvia regla


Record Modified: 2023-02-27
Research By: TWC Staff, GHH

Go back