Sabal mexicana Mart.
Texas Palm, Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palm, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma De Micharos, Apachite
Arecaceae (Palm Family)
Synonym(s): Inodes exul, Inodes texana, Sabal exul, Sabal texana
USDA Symbol: same8
This is usually a stout tree to 50 ft. tall, with a trunk to almost 3 ft. in diameter. Large, blue-green, fan-shaped leaves, up to 3 ft. wide, are divided into many palmate segments. The leaf stalk is stout, equally or exceeding the leaf in length. Dark purple fruits hang in showy clusters.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: 36-50 feet
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Native Distribution: Along the Rio Grande River in south Texas, south to Central America. Possibly ranged as far north as San Antonio in historic times.
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Very slow-growing, beautiful tree. The dark purple fruit is showy and attractive to wildlife. Difficult to transplant after it's a foot tall because of its large root system. The trunk doesn't begin to appear until the tree is at least 10 years old. Use this native palm to add a tropical look to your landscape.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Winter-hardy, Accent tree or shrub
Use Wildlife: These trees are sanctuaries for birds and other wildlife.
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Fresh seeds require no pretreatment but germination will be better with stratification. Seeds require a moist, muddy seedbed.
Seed Treatment: Stratify 30 days at 38 degrees
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Tohono Chul Park, Inc. - Tucson, AZ
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sabal mexicana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sabal mexicana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sabal mexicana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-12-08
Research By: TWC Staff