Salix humilis Marshall
Salicaceae (Willow Family)
USDA Symbol: sahu2
Mounded shrub, 6-10 ft. tall, which often forms thickets. Ascending, wand-like branches are yellowish to brown. Gray-green to blue-green foliage has insignificant fall color. Greenish catkins appear before leaves emerge.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall.
Leaf: Dark Green
Autumn Foliage: yes
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Nf. to MN & Man., s. to VA, MO & e. KS; local to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Alluvial areas; boggy openings in pine woods; low areas in prairies; dry barrens; balds
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various wet to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Short-lived and fast-growing. Susceptible to wind damage.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Early season harvest for birds and mammals.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Green Comma |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationDescription: Willows are among the easiest of all plants to root from cuttings. Stem and root cuttings are used. Propagation is also accomplished by sowing fresh, untreated seed into a moist seedbed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America - beta site (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salix humilis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix humilis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix humilis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-21
Research By: TWC Staff