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Salix amygdaloides

Salix amygdaloides Andersson

Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Salicaceae (Willow Family)

Synonym(s): Salix amygdaloides var. wrightii, Salix nigra var. amygdaloides, Salix nigra var. wrightii, Salix wrightii

USDA Symbol: saam2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Peach-leaf willow is a medium-sized, multi-trunked tree, 35-60 ft. tall, with fine-textured, slightly weeping branching and orange-yellow twigs. Catkins appear before leaf emergence. The narrow, yellow-green foliage has insignificant fall color. Tree with 1 or sometimes several straight trunks, upright branches, and spreading crown.

This is the common willow across the northern plains, where it is important in protecting riverbanks from erosion. Both common and scientific names refer to the leaf shape, which suggests that of Peach.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 60 feet tall.
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Red

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AZ , CO , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , SD , TX , UT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , MB , NL , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: NY to c. MI, WI & s.e. B.C., s. to n. OH, n. IN, MO, NM, Apache Co., AZ & c. WA
Native Habitat: Low, wet, open woods; edges of streams & sloughs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Wet or damp soils. Limestone-based, Sandy Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Short-lived and fast-growing. Susceptible to insect, disease, and wind damage.


Use Ornamental: Fast growing, Attractive, Shade tree
Use Wildlife: Nesting site, Nesting material, Seeds-granivorous birds. Early season harvest for birds and mammals.
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Mourning Cloak, Viceroy.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Mourning Cloak
(Nymphalis antiopa)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
(Limenitis archippus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Salix amygdaloides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix amygdaloides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix amygdaloides


Record Modified: 2022-09-26
Research By: TWC Staff

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