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Rosa palustris Marshall
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Rosa floridana, Rosa lancifolia, Rosa palustris var. dasistema
USDA Symbol: ropa
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
An upright shrub, usually 6-8 ft. tall, with numerous, bushy-branched, thorny stems; dark-green, pinnately compound foliage and showy, but short-lived, dark rose-pink flowers. A pink-flowered shrub with stout, hooked prickles.
The Swamp Rose is a member of the family Rosaceae which includes about 2,000 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs worldwide, including service-berries (Amelanchier), hawthorns (Crataegus), apples (Malus), plums and cherries (Prunus), and mountain-ashes (Sorbus), in addition to the many wild and cultivated types of roses.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Red hip (mature floral tube) surrounding achenes.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: N.S. to MN, s. to FL & TN
Native Habitat: Swamps; wet thickets; marshy shores of streams, ponds & lakes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagated by stem cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Prickly vine for fire escape in Boston
February 23, 2010
I live in Boston area and would like to plant a prickly vine that will grow on my fire escape. What do you recommend?
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 406 - The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F region of chloroplast DNA (2003) T. Eriksson, M. S. Hibbs, A. D. Yoder, C. F. Delwi...
Reslit 692 - Incorporating allelic variation for reconstructing the evolutionary history of organisms from multiple genes: An example from Rosa in North America (2006) S. Joly and A. Bruneau
Reslit 693 - Delimiting species boundaries in Rosa sect. Cinnamomeae (Rosaceae) in eastern North America (2007) S. Joly and A. Bruneau
Reslit 1759 - Polyploid and hybrid evolution in roses east of the Rocky Mountains (2006) S. Joly, J. R. Starr, W. H. Lewis and A. Bruneau
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rosa palustris in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rosa palustris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa palustris
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-21
Research By: TWC Staff