Rosa arkansana var. suffulta
Rosa arkansana Porter var. suffulta (Greene) Cockerell
Prairie Rose, Sunshine Rose
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Rosa alcea, Rosa conjuncta, Rosa pratincola, Rosa suffulta, Rosa suffulta var. relicta
USDA Symbol: roars
One of the most common and variable wild roses. Usually a 6-18 in., erect, spreading prickly branched shrub with pinnately compound leaves turning maroon in fall. Large, pink, five-petaled flowers are followed by red hips.
This wild rose is often less woody than other Rosa species, dying back annually to near the ground.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AR , CO , DC , IA , IL , IN , KS , MA , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , NY , OH , OK , SD , TX , WI , WY
Native Distribution: IN to Alt., s. to AR, TX & NM; also NY
Native Habitat: Prairies; bluffs; open woods; thickets; roadsides
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagated by stem cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species.
Commercially Avail: yes
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rosa arkansana var. suffulta in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rosa arkansana var. suffulta in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa arkansana var. suffulta
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff