Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
Prunus ilicifolia (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) D. Dietr. ssp. lyonii (Eastw.) P.H. Raven
Catalina Cherry, Hollyleaf Cherry
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Prunus lyonii
USDA Symbol: prill
Planted as an evergreen, ornamental, and hedge plant in California, Catalina Cherry grows rapidly and is drought-resistant. Native Americans ate the fresh and dried cherries, which can also be made into jam; birds are also fond of the fruit. It is currently considered an island subspecies of the Hollyleaf Cherry, which is usually smaller and shrubby and has smaller, rounded, spiny-toothed leaves, fewer flowers, and smaller fruit.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Native Distribution: Channel Islands of California; also reported in Baja California; to 3000' (914 m).
Native Habitat: Moist soils of canyons and on dry ridges; in chaparral.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds are fond of the fruit.
Use Food: Native Americans ate the fresh and dried cherries, which can also be made into jam.
Warning: The seeds of all Prunus species, found inside the fruits, contain poisonous substances and should never be eaten. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable be
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-12-14
Research By: TWC Staff