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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Paeonia brownii (Brown's peony)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Paeonia brownii

Paeonia brownii Douglas ex Hook.

Brown's Peony, Western Peony

Paeoniaceae (Peony Family)


USDA Symbol: pabr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A rather fleshy, bluish-green, leafy plant, usually with several clustered stems, divided leaves, and greenish and reddish-brown globose flowers, 1 hanging at end of each stalk

The genus name comes from Paeon, the physician of Greek gods; northwestern Indians made tea from the roots to treat lung ailments.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Follicle
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Leaf: Dark green.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: Eastern Washington; south through the northern two thirds of California; east to Utah, western Wyoming, and Idaho.
Native Habitat: Chaparral, sagebrush, and pine forests.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Paeonia brownii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Paeonia brownii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Paeonia brownii


Record Modified: 2023-04-26
Research By: TWC Staff

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