Oenothera fruticosa L.
Narrowleaf Evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf Evening-primrose, Sundrops, Narrowleaf Evening Primrose
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: oefr
Narrow-leaf Evening-primrose or Sundrops is an 18-36 in. perennial with a diffusely clustered system of unbranched stems. The lance-shaped leaves are 2-3 in. long, while the showy, golden-yellow, four-petaled flowers average 2 in. in diameter.
Narrowleaf Evening-primrose spreads rapidly under favorable conditions but does not usually become aggressive. In the South, the over-wintering basal rosette is evergreen and reddish-purple in appearance.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Yellow, fading to pink.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: S. New England to NY, TN & MO, s. to FL & OK
Native Habitat: Dry woods, roadsides & meadows
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Tolerant of brackish and lime soils.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Hummingbirds
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed, stem cuttings taken after flowering or separation of outer rosettes in the fall. The easiest method of increase simply involved bending the flexible stems to the ground and covering the nodes with a bit of soil. Rooting will occur rap
Seed Treatment: Seeds mature slowly. The capsule become hard as they develop and are best opened with pruning shears. When some seeds should fall from the end of the capsule it is time to collect. Store the dried seed in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Plant Center at Westchester Community College, The - Valhalla, NY
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Oenothera fruticosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Oenothera fruticosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Oenothera fruticosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff