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Nemophila phacelioides (Texas baby blue eyes)
Page, Lee

Nemophila phacelioides

Nemophila phacelioides Nutt.

Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches

Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf Family)


USDA Symbol: neph

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes is an upright to straggling, hairy annual, 6-12 in. high. Its showy, pale-blue, bowl-shaped blossoms are frosted or whitish in the center and occur from leaf axils or in clusters at stem tips. Leaves are blue-green and lobed or divided into 9-11 broad segments.

This plant blooms early and dies by summer.


From the Image Gallery

61 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 1 foot tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AR , LA , OK , TX
Native Distribution: AR & OK to s.e. TX
Native Habitat: Woodlands' edge, Opening

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, sandy soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Calcareous, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Large-flower baby-blue-eyes is an upright to straggling, hairy annual. Its showy, pale-blue, bowl-shaped blossoms are frosted or whitish in the center and occur from leaf axils or in clusters at stem tips. Leaves are blue-green and lobed or divided. This plant blooms early and dies by summer.


Use Ornamental: Attractive, Showy, Forms a carpet, Understory
Use Wildlife: Flowers-Butterflies & moths, Flowers-Bees, Nectar- bees, Nectar- butterflies
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: No

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Sow seed in fall.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0005 Collected April 12,1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
NPSOT 0570 Collected Mar 20, 1990 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

2 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1162 Collected 2008-05-13 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Nemophila phacelioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Nemophila phacelioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nemophila phacelioides


Record Modified: 2023-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff, MAC

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