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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Mahonia haematocarpa (Red barberry)
Anderson, Wynn

Mahonia haematocarpa

Mahonia haematocarpa (Woot.) Fedde

Red Barberry, Red Oregon-grape, Algerita

Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)

Synonym(s): Berberis haematocarpa

USDA Symbol: maha4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A fragrant, roundish shrub, usually 3-8 ft. with stiff, erect branches, showy yellow flowers, green, prickly foliage purplish-red berries.


From the Image Gallery

4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 12 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Purplish red, 5-8 mm.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , TX
Native Distribution: E. Mohave Desert to w. TX & n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Grasslands; rocky slopes; mountain canyons

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Mahonia haematocarpa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Mahonia haematocarpa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mahonia haematocarpa


Record Modified: 2022-10-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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