Lilium michauxii Poir.
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Lilium carolinianum, Lilium fortunofulgidum, Lilium superbum var. carolinianum
USDA Symbol: limi
Reaching 1-4 ft. in height, Carolina lily bears up to six reddish-yellow, spotted, nodding flowers with petals that curve backward - almost to the base of the flower. The leaves of this perennial are mostly whorled.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KY , LA , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain, s.e. VA to LA, also in the mts. in VA & WV
Native Habitat: Drier, upland woods & thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought tolerant.
PropagationDescription: Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection with usually germinate in the fall and overwinter as tiny bullbs, resuming
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Research LiteratureReslit 587 - Effects of lichens on seedling emergence in a xeric Florida shrubland (2003) C. V. Hawkes, E. S. Menges
Reslit 2093 - A new species of gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from subterranean stem galls of Licania michauxii (Chrysobalanaceae) in Florida (1996) R. J. Gagne and K. L. Hibbard
Reslit 2609 - Carbohydrate storage in five resprouting Florida scrub plants across a fire chronosequence (2006) J. M. Olano, E. S. Menges, E. Martinez
Reslit 2850 - Monograph of the Genus Isodendrion (Violaceae) Hawaiian Plant Studies 21 (1952) Harold St. John
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lilium michauxii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium michauxii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium michauxii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-09-18
Research By: TWC Staff