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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Lithospermum caroliniense (Carolina puccoon)
Cressler, Alan

Lithospermum caroliniense

Lithospermum caroliniense (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) MacMill.

Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Boraginaceae (Borage Family)


USDA Symbol: lica13

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

One to numerous stout, leafy stems, simple to branched above; 1-2 ft. tall. Stems and linear leaves are gray-green and covered with coarse, stiff hairs. Deep yellow, tubular flowers are clustered at the end of stems. Older plants may form clumps 2-3 ft. across.


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.
Fruit: Nutlets.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AR , CO , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NE , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: NY to SD & n.e. CO, s. to FL, TX Panhandle & Mex.
Native Habitat: Sandy grasslands; open woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Sandy soils.

Mr. Smarty Plants says

Native plants of dune erosion control in Michigan
May 30, 2008
We care for Lake Michigan dune near our home in New Buffalo and would like to provide erosion control with native species that will also enhance the beauty of the dune with long lasting flowers. The ...
view the full question and answer

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lithospermum caroliniense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lithospermum caroliniense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lithospermum caroliniense


Record Modified: 2023-02-16
Research By: TWC Staff

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