Iris verna L.
Dwarf Violet Iris, Vernal Iris, Dwarf Iris
Iridaceae (Iris Family)
USDA Symbol: irve
A small, fragrant iris of Southeastern pinelands, Post Oak (Quercus stellata) woods, and coastal plains, Iris verna blooms in early spring on short stalks before its leaves start their season's growth. I. verna var. verna, of the coastal plains, has grassier foliage. Iris verna var. smalliana, found in mountainous areas, looks very similar to I. cristata.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Size Notes: Flowers appear on 2 inch stalks before leaf growth begins.
Size Class: 0-1 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Violet , Brown
Bloom Notes: Intensely fragrant. Blooms appear in early spring before leaf growth starts.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , FL , GA , KY , MD , MS , NC , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Habitat: Pine forests, Post Oak woods, mountains, and coastal plains
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Highly acid
BenefitUse Ornamental: Valued for subtle color in Southeastern shade gardens and woodlands.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Iris verna in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Iris verna in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Iris verna
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-06-29
Research By: TWC Staff