Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners
Texas Spiderlily, Spring Spiderlily, Spiderlily, Louisiana Spiderlily, Western Marsh Spiderlily
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Choretis galvestonensis, Hymenocallis eulae, Hymenocallis galvestonensis
USDA Symbol: hyli
An elegant and unusual-looking flower, the spider lily has a stem 1-3 feet high, with 2 or 3 blossoms at the top. The flower has 3 white sepals and 3 petals which are alike and unite to form a tube 2-4 inches long, narrow but spreading, and curving backward slightly as they age. The flowers are quite fragrant. The glossy leaves, at the base of the plant, are 6-30 inches long and 1 inch wide.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: 1-3'
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AR , LA , MS , OK , TX
Native Habitat: Flood plains, bottomland, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions, Marshes, Stream banks, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Best grown in medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Soils must never be allowed to dry out. Plant bulbs 4” deep and space 6-10” apart in fall. Good for wetland gardens and habitat.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Bog or pond area, Perennial garden
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hymenocallis liriosme in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenocallis liriosme in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenocallis liriosme
MetadataRecord Modified: 2016-02-29
Research By: NPC