Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius DC.
Oldplainsman, Woolly-white, Old Plainsman
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: hyar3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A rather stout biennial, 2-4 ft. tall, with large, showy flower clusters. Flower heads are at the end of stems, sometimes having as many as 60 florets in a cluster. The bracts supporting the flower are snowy white on the outer half, giving the whole head a white appearance. Disc flowers are rose-colored to dark wine, and there are no ray flowers. The flowers are funnel-shaped, 5-lobed, and numerous. Many-branched stems arise from a basal rosette of pale bluish, bipinnate leaves.
The blooms of these tall narrow plants attract butterflies.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Biennial
Leaf Complexity: Bipinnate
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Flower: Flowers in 3 inch head.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AR , LA , TX
Native Distribution: LA to s.w. AR & e. and n.c. TX
Native Habitat: Sandy old fields, prairies & open woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained, sandy soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam.
Conditions Comments: Each plant is tall and narrow, so massed planting look best. When the first bloom is cut, new blooming spikes will develop.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow
Use Wildlife: The blooms of these tall narrow plants attract butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagate by sowing seed or transplanting rosettes in late fall.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1035 Collected 2007-06-06 in Morris County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hymenopappus artemisiifolius in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hymenopappus artemisiifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-29
Research By: TWC Staff