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Hordeum jubatum L.
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: hoju
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Small and shiny. When in flower, the nodding clusters are purple to pale green, with many long, straight bristles; after flowering, the bristles frizz up, and the flower heads dry to a bleached tan and disintegrate easily.
In parts of the West, this grass is exceedingly common, carpeting roadsides and waste areas. In the presettlement prairies, it was probably one of the colonizers of temporarily bare soil. Beautiful as it is, this grass is unpopular with ranchers because the bristles pierce the mouths of the livestock that graze it.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: The inflorescence appears whitish-green to light purple.
DistributionUSA: AK , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: BC , NB , NL , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Throughout the United States, except for the Southeast.
Native Habitat: Waste places, roadsides, meadows, bare soil.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0333 Collected May 22, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 7 - Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California (1993) Hickman, J.C. (ed.)
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hordeum jubatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hordeum jubatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hordeum jubatum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2011-08-16
Research By: TWC Staff