Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Hibiscus coccineus Walter
Scarlet Rosemallow, Crimson Rosemallow, Wild Red Mallow, Texas Star Hibiscus
Malvaceae (Mallow Family)
Synonym(s): Hibiscus semilobatus
USDA Symbol: hico2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The palmately divided leaves of this 4-7+ ft. rose-mallow are palmately cut and shiny. The flowers are deep-scarlet and over 6 in. in width. A large plant with big, showy, crimson flowers in upper leaf axils.
This very showy species, typical of the mallow family, is sometimes cultivated. It is certainly one of the loveliest of our native flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall, often shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: FL to MS
Native Habitat: Swamp, marshes & ditches of the coastal plain
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet soils.
Conditions Comments: Clumps of Hibiscus start to grow late in the season and flower over a long period in late summer.
PropagationDescription: Easily grown from seed.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Longwood Gardens - Kennett Square, PA
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 778 - Consequences of hydrochory in Hibiscus (2006) H. Kudoh, R. Shimamura, K. Takayama and D. F. Whig...
Reslit 1453 - Effect of plant growth retardants on stem elongation of hibiscus species (2003) R. M. Warner and J. E. Erwin
Reslit 1454 - Effect of photoperiod and daily light integral on flowering of five Hibiscus species (2003) R. M. Warner and J. E. Erwin
Reslit 2101 - Effects of El-500 on Height and Lateral Shoot Development of Hibiscus coccineus Walt (1984) J. Fielek
Reslit 2694 - Our hardy Hibiscus species as ornamentals (1970) H. F. Winters
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Hibiscus coccineus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Hibiscus coccineus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hibiscus coccineus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-14
Research By: TWC Staff