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Gaillardia suavis (A. Gray & Engelm.) Britton & Rusby
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Agassizia suavis, Gaillardia trinervata
USDA Symbol: gasu
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Perfumeballs or Rayless Gaillardia is a slender, upright, clumped perennial, to about 30 in. tall, often forming dense stands. Fragrant, solitary flowers are terminal on leafless stalks. Rays are few, yellow to orange or red, very short, and soon falling off. Reddish-brown disc flowers are numerous, forming a rounded, pincushion-like head. Leaves are all basal.
Not as showy as G. pulchella, but what it lacks in color is made up in fragrance. Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower heads will encourage flowering until fall.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 30 inches tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Pink , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Ray florets usually absent.
DistributionUSA: KS , OK , TX
Native Distribution: KS, OK, & TX to Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas, Woodlands' edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Sandy, calcareous soils. Clay Loam, Clay, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
Conditions Comments: The ray petals on pincushion daisy are small and inconspicuous, but what the blooms lack in body, they make up for in fragrance. On a warm day, a mass of blooming pincushion daisy exudes a pleasant aroma. The pompom flower heads lend variety to a garden and to flower arrangements.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Easily grown from seed.
Seed Collection: Collect seed in June.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower heads will encourage flowering until fall.
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0743 Collected May 4. 1994 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-693 Collected 2008-07-02 in Blanco County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Gaillardia suavis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Gaillardia suavis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gaillardia suavis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-27
Research By: TWC Staff