Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover, Violet Prairie Clover
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Petalostemon mollis, Petalostemon purpureus, Petalostemon purpureus var. mollis
USDA Symbol: dapup
Purple prairie-clover is a popular prairie perennial with delicate, foliage and showy flowers. Numerous slender stems rise 1-3 feet. and bear small leaves divided into linear segments. Tiny, individual flowers cluster around a cylinder-like cone. The bright, magenta-purple flowers start as a ring around the base of the cone and work upward as the season advances.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CO , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , ND , NE , NM , NY , OH , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI , WY
Canada: MB , SK
Native Distribution: E. IN to s. Alt., s. to MS, n. TX & NM
Native Habitat: Prairies; open woods, Infrequent in West Texas in open grasslands.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Well-drained calcareous soils.
Conditions Comments: The cheerful purple flowers mix well when planted with grasses in a short grass meadow garden or a mixed perennial garden with other plants with similar growing requirements. Purple prairie clover is a good source of nectar for insects and will also last nicely as a cut flower. Like other members of the pea family, this plant adds nutrients back to the soil when planted in masses.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds, Butterflies
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Easily propagated from unstratified seed in fall or stratified seed in spring.
Seed Collection: Collect in Aug. and Sep.
Seed Treatment: Scarification, inoculation, moist stratification for 10 days
Commercially Avail: yes
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
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Research LiteratureReslit 2888 - The genus Dalea (Fabaceae) in Alabama (2013) Woods, M. and W.S. Hughes
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Dalea purpurea var. purpurea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Dalea purpurea var. purpurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-05-10
Research By: TWC Staff, GDB