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Coccoloba uvifera (Seagrape)
Cressler, Alan

Coccoloba uvifera

Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.

Seagrape, Seaside-grape, Sea Grape

Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

Synonym(s): Polygonum uvifera

USDA Symbol: couv

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

Seaside-grape or Sea Grape is an evergreen shrub or small tree with nearly round, red-veined leaves; spikes of whitish flowers; and edible, reddish fruits which hang in grape-like clusters. Seaside-grape branches close to the ground and supports a broad, rounded head. Though usually much shorter, the plant can reach 50 ft. in height.

The Sea Grape is a member of the buckwheat family (family Polygonaceae) which includes mostly herbs, sometimes shrubs or vines, rarely trees, with small flowers in racemes, spike-like clusters, or in heads. Stems commonly have swollen nodes.


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 50 feet tall, often much shorter.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Distribution: S. FL
Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks, dunes & beaches

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Fertile to sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought-resistant and hardy in poor soils.


Use Wildlife: Fruits are a valuable wildlife food and flowers are important for nectar production.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: One of the easiest methods of propagation is ground layering. Score bark on a branch situation close to the ground and mound soil over it. The branch will develop roots and can be cut from the plant in 4-6 months.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Coccoloba uvifera in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Coccoloba uvifera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Coccoloba uvifera


Record Modified: 2023-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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