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Chiococca alba (Snowberry)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Chiococca alba

Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc.

Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry, Milkberry

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Synonym(s): Chiococca racemosa, Lonicera alba

USDA Symbol: chal8

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Scrambling, vine-like shrub that may reach about 25 feet in height with support. Commonly reaches 10 feet in height with support.
Flower: Flowers 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
Fruit: White 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Blooms throughout the year in its frost-free native range.


Native Distribution: Peninsular Florida and southernmost Texas south to tropical South America
Native Habitat: Thickets, chaparral, palm groves, & brush country

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy. Moist, well-drained.


Use Ornamental: Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Long-blooming, Ground cover
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Cover
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Miami Blue
(Cyclargus thomasi)

Adult Food Source
Learn more at BAMONA


Propagation Material: Softwood Cuttings
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: For a thick groundcover, water during dry months.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Chiococca alba in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chiococca alba in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chiococca alba


Record Modified: 2022-07-06
Research By: TWC Staff

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