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Castilleja angustifolia (Northwestern indian paintbrush)
Reveal, James L.

Castilleja angustifolia

Castilleja angustifolia (Nutt.) G. Don

Northwestern Indian Paintbrush

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)


USDA Symbol: caan7

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Several erect stems with bright orange to red, flower-like tips, the bracts brightly colored.

This is one of the West's most common dry-land paintbrushes. The genus is easily recognized but many species are notoriously difficult to identify. The genus name, which honors the Spanish botanist Domingo Castillejo, is usually pronounced cast-til-lay'-yah.


From the Image Gallery

30 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Pink , Orange , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NM , NV , OR , SD , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: Southern Idaho to eastern Oregon and eastern California; east to northern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, western Colorado, and central Wyoming.
Native Habitat: Dry open soil, often with sagebrush.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Castilleja angustifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja angustifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja angustifolia


Record Modified: 2023-05-17
Research By: TWC Staff

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