Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Bouchea linifolia (Groovestem bouchea)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Bouchea linifolia

Bouchea linifolia A. Gray

Groovestem Bouchea, Flaxleaf Bouchea

Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)


USDA Symbol: boli3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.


From the Image Gallery

13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Flower: Flower 1 inch.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


Native Habitat: Hillsides/Slopes, Prairie/Plains/Meadows/Pastures/Savannas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Limestone-based, Caliche type, Calcareous, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Lovely, long-blooming subshrub. Should be pruned during dormancy to maintain a full, compact habit. This plant loves drought conditions.


Use Ornamental: Perennial garden, Attractive
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal


Propagation Material: Seeds

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX


Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Webref 1 - Texas Native Shrubs (2002) Texas A&M University Agriculture Program and Leslie Finical, Dallas Arboretum

Additional resources

USDA: Find Bouchea linifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bouchea linifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bouchea linifolia


Record Modified: 2022-12-16
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back