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Borrichia frutescens (Bushy seaside tansy)
Cressler, Alan

Borrichia frutescens

Borrichia frutescens (L.) DC.

Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy, Sea Ox-eye

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: bofr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Sea Daisy or Bushy Seaside-tansyis a colony-forming, shrub-like perennial to 4 ft. tall, with ascending branches and attractive foliage. The fleshy, oval , semi-evergreen leaves are pubescent on both sides. Dotting the masses of gray-green foliage are bright yellow, daisy-like flowers.

This is a salt-tolerant member of the aster family.


From the Image Gallery

6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from MD to TX & Mex.
Native Habitat: Marshes, Tidal flats, lagoons

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet, brackish sands or muds. Saline tolerant, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Salt-tolerant. Used effectively as a border or foundation plant.


Use Ornamental: Showy, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-bees,Nectar-butterflies, Seeds-granivorous birds, Cover
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Propagated easily from seed.
Seed Collection: Collect when the flower heads have turned brown.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1052 Collected 2007-06-17 in Cameron County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Research Literature

Reslit 229 - Tritrophic interactions and trade-offs in herbivore fecundity on hybridising host plants (2004) M. V. Cattell and P. Stiling
Reslit 374 - Response of estuarine marsh vegetation to interannual variations in precipitation (2001) K. H. Dunton, B. Hardegree and T. E. Whitledge
Reslit 279 - The Importance of Gall Size for Sea Daisy Gall Midge Parasitoids (1995) R. M. Clouse
Reslit 951 - The effects of abiotically induced changes in host plant quality (and morphology) on a salt marsh planthopper and its parasitoid (2000) D. C. Moon, A. M. Rossi and P. Stiling
Reslit 952 - Relative importance of abiotically induced direct and indirect effects on a salt-marsh herbivore (2000) D. C. Moon and P. Stiling
Reslit 953 - The effects of salinity and nutrients, on a tritrophic salt-marsh system (2002) D. C. Moon and P. Stiling
Reslit 1073 - Zonation of shrubs in western Atlantic salt marshes (2001) S. C. Pennings and D. J. Moore
Reslit 1113 - Spartina alterniflora genotype influences facilitation and suppression of high marsh species colonizing an early successional salt marsh (2005) C. E. Proffitt, R. L. Chiasson, A. B. Owens, K. R....
Reslit 1157 - Unexpectedly high clonal diversity of two salt marsh perennials across a severe environmental gradient (2004) C. L. Richards, J. L. Hamrick, L. A. Donovan and R...
Reslit 1158 - Plasticity, Not Adaptation to Salt Level, Explains Variation Along a Salinity Gradient in a Salt Marsh Perennial (2010) C. L. Richards, S. N. White, M. A. McGuire, S. J. ...

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Borrichia frutescens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Borrichia frutescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Borrichia frutescens


Record Modified: 2022-12-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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