Agave parryi Engelm.
Parry's Agave, Century Plant, Parry Agave
Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)
USDA Symbol: agpa4
Like all agave plants, this plant is, for several years, a rosette of stiff, succulent, sword-like leaves. These 1 ft., spine-tipped leaves eventually subtend a tall flowering stalk supporting a cluster of yellow flowers at its tip. After the plant flowers, it dies.
Agaves are often called century plants and require many years to flower, but not a century. They provided southwestern Native American with food, beverages, fiber, soap, medicine, and lances. Today the liquors mescal, pulque, and tequila are made from the juice of the Mexican species.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Rosette of leaves up to about 30 inches tall. Flower scape up to about 20 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: NM, AZ, w. TX, south to central Mexico
Native Habitat: High deserts
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
BenefitUse Food: The Indians ate the stems when the stems were young.
Use Other: It was important to the Indians for fiber.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
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BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1988 VOL. 5, NO.5 - Penny Campaign Grows Oklahoma Wildflowers, Wildflower Center Collects Honors, Di...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Agave parryi in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Agave parryi in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Agave parryi
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-11-01
Research By: TWC Staff