Zigadenus elegans Pursh
Mountain Death Camas, White Camas
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
USDA Symbol: ZIEL2
A plant with long, basal, grass-like leaves and cream or greenish-white, bowl-shaped flowers in a raceme or branched flower cluster.
The highly poisonous Meadow Deathcamas (Z. venenosus) grows throughout most of the western United States. It has petal-like segments about 1/4" (6 mm) long, the inner 3 slightly longer and with a short stalk at the base, and stamens about as long as the segments.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CO , IA , ID , IL , IN , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Western Canada; south to western Washington, eastern Oregon, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
Native Habitat: Mountain meadows, rocky slopes, and forests.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Sandy
BenefitWarning: All parts of this wildflower contain toxic chemicals (alkaloids) said to be more potent than strychnine. Just two bulbs can be fatal. Symptoms include salivating, vomiting, diarrhea, lowered body temperature and a slow heartbeat. (Kershaw)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Zigadenus elegans in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zigadenus elegans in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zigadenus elegans
MetadataRecord Modified: 2021-01-28
Research By: TWC Staff