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Yucca arkansana (Arkansas yucca)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Yucca arkansana

Yucca arkansana Trel.

Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)

Synonym(s): Yucca angustissima var. mollis

USDA Symbol: YUAR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

In open fields and at the edges of thickets on upland soils. Leaves from the base, sharp pointed, with curly white fibers on the margins. Flower stalk erect, 6-7 ft., arising from the clump of basal leaves, usually unbranched. Flowers with 3 showy, greenish white, petals and 3 similar sepals, appearing from April to June. Fruit a capsule, opening from the tip when dry. Seeds many, flat, waferlike, black when mature.


From the Image Gallery

8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 7 feet tall in bloom.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AR , KS , MO , OK , TX
Native Distribution: AR & OK to c. TX
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type.
Conditions Comments: Smaller and more flower-like than other yuccas.


Use Ornamental: Accent tree or shrub, Shortgrass meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Yuccas will germinate promptly from fresh seed held over winter. Seeds germinate best in 60-70 degree temperatures. Yuccas may also be grown from rhizomes, stem cuttings, or by digging offsets from the side of established plants. Transplant into a well
Seed Collection: Gather capsules as they begin to dry but before they split. Allow to dry, then crush to remove seeds. Overwinter, keep seeds in moist sand in the refrigerator. For longer storage periods, keep in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX

Additional resources

USDA: Find Yucca arkansana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Yucca arkansana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Yucca arkansana


Record Modified: 2008-06-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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