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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Xylosma flexuosa (Brush holly)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Xylosma flexuosa

Xylosma flexuosa (Kunth) Hemsl.

Brush Holly, Brushholly

Flacourtiaceae (Flacourtia Family)


USDA Symbol: XYFL3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Usually up to about 6 feet tall. Can grow to 30 feet tall in some habitats.
Fruit: Red

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Habitat: Chaparral & brush country

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay


Use Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Long-blooming
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Xylosma flexuosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Xylosma flexuosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Xylosma flexuosa


Record Modified: 2008-06-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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