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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Ximenia americana

Ximenia americana L.

Tallow Wood, Tallowwood

Olacaceae (Olax Family)

Synonym(s): Ximenia inermis


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

Sprawling shrub to short tree; crown narrow, irreg.; trunk(s) twisted; branches spreading, crooked, thorny.

Tallowwood berries have been used in the making of soap and cosmetics.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 35 feet tall, often much shorter.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov


Native Distribution: Peninsular Florida.
Native Habitat: Hammocks, scrub, pinelands.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU UPL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ximenia americana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ximenia americana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ximenia americana


Record Modified: 2023-01-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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