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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Viola ×robinsoniana

Viola ×robinsoniana House

Robinson's Hybrid Violet

Violaceae (Violet family)

Synonym(s): Viola ×caesariensis

USDA Symbol: VIRO4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

"Aestival leaves ovate-oblong in general outline, acute or pointed, with one to three incised lobes on either side below the middle, clothed with minute soft pubescence; cleistogamous flowers intermediate between those of parent species; capsules somewhat dotted with brown, infertile." (Reslit: 2847). "Differing from V. sagittata in having wider pubescent leaf-blades more or less lobed near the middle, in having cleistogamous flowers with appressed ciliate auricles, and in having a brown-spotted summer capsule on much shorter peduncles; differing from V. triloba in having ovate-oblong leaves with coarsely toothed or incised basal lobes, and in having long slender cleistogamous flowers on ascending peduncles; in each case the difference being in the direction of qualities possessed by the other parent." (Bibref: 1797).

Hybrid progeny of Viola sagittata and V. triloba. (Webref: 27).

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: "Aestival leaves ovate-oblong in general outline, acute or pointed, with one to three incised lobes on either side below the middle, clothed with minute soft pubescence ..." (Reslit: 2847).
Flower: "… cleistogamous flowers intermediate between those of parent species;" (Reslit: 2847).
Fruit: "… capsules somewhat dotted with brown, infertile." (Reslit: 2847).

Distribution

USA: AR , CT , MA , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OK
Native Habitat: "Crevices of rocks in open woods with parent forms … pastures … moist woods under pines," (Reslit: 2847).

Bibliography

Bibref 17 - Audubon Backyard Birdwatcher: Birdfeeders and Bird Gardens (1999) Burton, R.; S. W. Kress
Bibref 951 - Muenscher's Keys to Woody Plants (2001) Cope, E. A.; W. C. L. Muenscher

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 6 - Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database] (2018) USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Webref 27 - USDA Plants Database (2018) USDA, NRCS.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola ×robinsoniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola ×robinsoniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola ×robinsoniana

Metadata

Record Modified: 2020-12-07
Research By: JAM

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