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Viola rotundifolia (Roundleaf yellow violet)
Brundage, Stephanie

Viola rotundifolia

Viola rotundifolia Michx.

Roundleaf Yellow Violet, Round-leaved Yellow Violet, Early Yellow Violet, Roundleaf Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)


USDA Symbol: VIRO2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

The only stemless yellow violet in the US and Canada is Viola rotundifolia, which has a small flower and roundish basal leaves. Its flowers and leaves are on separate stalks.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 8 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: CT , DE , GA , KY , MA , MD , ME , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Canada: NB


Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Great Spangled Fritillary

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Great Spangled Fritillary
(Speyeria cybele)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola rotundifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola rotundifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola rotundifolia


Record Modified: 2023-01-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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