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Viola ×primulifolia (Primrose-leaf hybrid violet)
Brundage, Stephanie

Viola ×primulifolia

Viola ×primulifolia L. (pro sp.)

Primrose-leaf Hybrid Violet, Primrose-leaved Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola primulifolia, Viola primulifolia ssp. villosa, Viola primulifolia var. acuta, Viola primulifolia var. villosa

USDA Symbol: VIPR4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Natural hybrid of Viola lanceolata and V. macloskeyi.


From the Image Gallery

11 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 14 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.

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Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Research Literature

Reslit 2755 - The taxonomy of the North American acaulescent white violets (1955) N. H. Russell
Reslit 2756 - Regional variation patterns in the stemless white violets (1956) N. H. Russell
Reslit 2757 - A hypothesis to account for unusual leaf variation in Viola pedata L. (1960) N. H. Russell, W. R. Bowen
Reslit 2758 - Studies in eastern American plants (1949) M. L. Fernald

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola ×primulifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola ×primulifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola ×primulifolia


Record Modified: 2023-01-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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