Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:

Viola novae-angliae

Viola novae-angliae House

New England Blue Violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s): Viola septentrionalis var. grisea, Viola sororia var. novae-angliae


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

"Acaulescent, from slender, ascencding rootstocks: earliest leaves ovate or triangular-ovate, cordate, crenate, rounded or obtuse at the apex, 1-2 cm. long, on petio!es 2-4 cm. long; later leaf-blades thin in texture, triangular-lanceolate, 4-6 cm. long, 1.5-2.5 cm. broad at the base, tapering to an acute apex, the base subtruncate to cordate, margin crenate-dentate at the base, obscurely and distantly crenate toward the apex; dark green and nearly glabrous above, paler and more or less pubescent beneath, especially on the veins; petioles 7-15 cm. long, pubescent with white floccose hairs or glabrate in age: flowering scapes 6-10 cm. long, not surpassing the leaves, bibracteolate below the middle, bractlets ovate with subulate tips 1 mm. long: sepals oblong-lanceolate, 7-8 mm. long, glabrous, obtuse, 3-nerved, the basal auricle less than 1 mm. long, rounded or truncate: petals narrowly oblong, 12-15 mm. long, deep purple-blue, spreading, the lateral and lower ones densely villous with white hairs, the lower one veined with dark purple: cleistogamous flowers short-sagittate and blunt, 3- 4 mm. long on short horizontal peduncles, 15-25 mm. long, their capsules subglobose, about 6 mm. long, or less." Reslit:2848.


From the Image Gallery

No images of this plant

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Cordate , Ovate
Leaf Margin: Crenate , Dentate
Leaf Apex: Acute , Obtuse
Leaf Base: Cordate
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: To about 6 inches in height.
Leaf: Dark green, nearly glabrous above. Lighter green, pubescent below.
Flower: Bears chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Chasmogamous flower "petals light to dark blue- or dark purple-violet or reddish purple, lowest and sometimes lateral 2 purple-veined, lateral 2 bearded, lowest bearded or beardless, 15-25 mm, spur same color as petals, gibbous, 2-3 mm; style beardless; cleistogamous flowers on prostrate or ascending peduncles." Webref:3.


USA: ME , MI , MN , NH , NY , VT , WI
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC
Native Habitat: "Gravelly, wet, rocky shores of lakes and streams, meadows; 0-100m." Webref:3. "River shores, mainly on ledges and outcrops, less frequently on sand and gravel." Bibref: 1501.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Research Literature

Reslit 2848 - A NEW VIOLET FROM NEW ENGLAND (1904) Homer D. House

This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola novae-angliae in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola novae-angliae in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola novae-angliae


Record Modified: 2019-04-09
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

Go back