Viburnum lentago L.
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet Viburnum, Sheepberry
Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)
Synonym(s): Viburnum ×vetteri
USDA Symbol: VILE
A tall viburnum, occasionally growing as a small tree, 20-30 ft. tall. Slender, erect-arching branches, somewhat open at maturity, often suckering. Attractive white flower clusters, dense dark-green summer foliage, wine-red fall color, blue-black berries which persist through winter. Shrub or small tree with short trunk, compact, rounded crown of drooping branches, small white flowers in clusters, and small bluish-black fruit.
When cut, the plants sprout from roots, and old branches will often arch down and take root. Songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals eat the fruit in winter.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Black, Blue
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: CO , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SD , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Que. to Man. & MT, s. to VA & n.e. MO, e. NE & WY
Native Habitat: Rich, open woods; hillsides; stream banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Sometimes develops mildew in shady areas.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Squirrels, Birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Spring Azure
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Spring Azure |
(Celastrina "ladon" )
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationSeed Collection: Collect the fruit as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees.
Seed Treatment: If seeds must be stored, they will need a period of stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Viburnum lentago in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viburnum lentago in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viburnum lentago
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-11
Research By: TWC Staff