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Vitis arizonica (Canyon grape)
Anderson, Wynn

Vitis arizonica

Vitis arizonica Engelm.

Canyon Grape, Arizona Grape

Vitaceae (Grape Family)

Synonym(s): Vitis arizonica var. galvinii, Vitis arizonica var. glabra, Vitis treleasei

USDA Symbol: VIAR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Canyon grape or Arizona grape is a shrubby, low-climbing vine with hairy stems; heart-shaped to shallowly three-lobed, leaves; small, fragrant, greenish flowers; and sweet, juicy, black berries. Branched, woody vine, with shredding, peeling bark; clambers over rocks, shrubs, trees.

The fleshy grapes are relished by birds, small mammals, and humans, in spite of the large seeds.


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Stems sprawling to weakly climbing, up to about 20 feet long.
Fruit: Black, Blue

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: White to greenish.


USA: AZ , NM , NV , TX , UT
Native Distribution: W. TX to s.w. UT, s. to n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Canyons; stream banks; 2000 to 7500 ft.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Vines are useful for controlling erosion. The berries, ripe from Aug. to Oct., are of good quality for jelly and grape juice.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0284 Collected Aug 16, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates

1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Vitis arizonica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vitis arizonica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vitis arizonica


Record Modified: 2022-10-21
Research By: TWC Staff

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