Vitis arizonica Engelm.
Canyon Grape, Arizona Grape
Vitaceae (Grape Family)
Synonym(s): Vitis arizonica var. galvinii, Vitis arizonica var. glabra, Vitis treleasei
USDA Symbol: VIAR2
Canyon grape or Arizona grape is a shrubby, low-climbing vine with hairy stems; heart-shaped to shallowly three-lobed, leaves; small, fragrant, greenish flowers; and sweet, juicy, black berries. Branched, woody vine, with shredding, peeling bark; clambers over rocks, shrubs, trees.
The fleshy grapes are relished by birds, small mammals, and humans, in spite of the large seeds.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Stems sprawling to weakly climbing, up to about 20 feet long.
Fruit: Black, Blue
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: White to greenish.
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , NV , TX , UT
Native Distribution: W. TX to s.w. UT, s. to n. Mex.
Native Habitat: Canyons; stream banks; 2000 to 7500 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Vines are useful for controlling erosion. The berries, ripe from Aug. to Oct., are of good quality for jelly and grape juice.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0284 Collected Aug 16, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America - beta site (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vitis arizonica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vitis arizonica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vitis arizonica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-21
Research By: TWC Staff