Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Verbena simplex Lehm.
Narrowleaf Vervain, Narrow-leaved Vervain
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
Synonym(s): Verbena angustifolia
USDA Symbol: VESI
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Verbena simplex has narrow leaves and lavender flowers a third of an inch (8 mm) long. It is a southwestern and midwestern species that makes a good rock garden plant.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Lavender to purple.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Habitat: Prairie/Meadow/Field
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Common Buckeye
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Common Buckeye |
Learn more at BAMONA
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Verbena simplex in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbena simplex in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbena simplex
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-02
Research By: TWC Staff