Vaccinium ovalifolium Sm.
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
USDA Symbol: VAOV
A 2-4 ft. blueberry with large, oval leaves. Flowers occur singly from leaf axils, hanging from a long pedicel. Flowers are bell-shaped and bronzy-pink. They are succeeded by glaucous or non-glaucous, bluish to black, edible berries.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 4 feet tall.
Fruit: Blue, dull purplish black or black.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Pink, bronze-pink or greenish white.
DistributionUSA: AK , ID , MI , MT , OR , SD , WA
Canada: BC , NL , NS , ON
Native Distribution: Along the coast and in the Cascades from n.w. OR to AK
Native Habitat: Conifer forests
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, acid soils.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Vaccinium species are propagated by seeds, cuttings and rooted suckers of offshoots.
Seed Treatment: Dormancy varies. Cold-moist stratification may be necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vaccinium ovalifolium in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vaccinium ovalifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vaccinium ovalifolium
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff