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Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Largeflower Bellwort, Large-flower Bellwort, Merrybells
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
USDA Symbol: UVGR
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
In bloom, large-flower bellwort’s stems are less than one foot tall, but later the forking stem lengthens. The bell-shaped, pale-yellow flowers are nodding and the perianth parts are often twisted. This clump-forming perennial’s leaves are drooping and lily-like and are paler green than those of most woodland plants.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 30 inches tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: Que. & VT to MN, s. to GA & OK
Native Habitat: Rich, deciduous woods; thickets; floodplain woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Bellwort works well in naturalized woodland plantings as well as shady, designed beds.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Seeds should be sown immediately upon ripening and should not be allowed to dry out before sowing. Mature clumps may be divided in spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Seeds ripen in late summer.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Longwood Gardens - Kennett Square, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 928 - 100 easy-to-grow native plants for Canadian gardens (2005) Johnson, L.; A. Leyerle
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Uvularia grandiflora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Uvularia grandiflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Uvularia grandiflora
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff