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Tetraneuris scaposa (Four-nerve daisy)
Richardson, Charmaine

Tetraneuris scaposa

Tetraneuris scaposa (DC.) Greene

Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: TESC2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Four-nerve daisy is a low, upright, silvery perennial to 1 ft., or more, from a woody base. The solitary stem is much-branched at the base forming a clump. The solitary flower heads occur at the end of silky, leafless stalks. The tip of each yellow ray flower is three-toothed. Four dark purple veins are visible on both sides of the ray. Disc flowers are also yellow. Long, narrow, silvery-green leaves are crowded mostly toward the base.


From the Image Gallery

27 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Main bloom period is Mar-Jun. May bloom year-round under the right conditions.


USA: CO , KS , NE , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: Colorado and Nebraska south through Texas and New Mexico to northeastern Mexico as far south as Zacatecas
Native Habitat: Dry plains; rocky hillsides. Widespread over Texas.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky, clay and limestone soils. Clay, Clay Loam Medium Loam, Sandy Loam Sandy, Caliche type, Limestone-based
Conditions Comments: Four-nerve daisy is heat and drought tolerant. It prefers dry, well-drained soils. The grass-like foliage works well in sunny rock gardens, container gardens and borders. Especially desirable because it blooms often throughout the winter months.


Use Ornamental: Perennial garden, Rock gardens, Border, Rocky hillside
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High


Propagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed when it falls off easily, year-round.
Seed Treatment: Fresh seed may germinate better. Treat with Rootshield. Transplant to 4" when second leaves appear, even though plants are tiny.
Maintenance: They grow slowly. Try not to water too much or inconsistently.

Mr. Smarty Plants says

List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
Good day, I am searching for a list of native Texas flowers (preferably perennials) for a flower garden. Thank you.
view the full question and answer

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0194 Collected Mar. 16, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0202 Collected Apr 4, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White

2 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium


Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Tetraneuris scaposa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Tetraneuris scaposa


Record Modified: 2023-01-27
Research By: LAL

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