Taxus brevifolia Nutt.
Pacific Yew, Western Yew
Taxaceae (Yew Family)
USDA Symbol: TABR2
Pacific yew or western yew is a 15-50 ft., evergreen shrub or small tree with red-brown, scaly bark; horizontal, drooping branches and deep, yellow-green foliage in flat sprays. Poisonous, nonresinous, evergreen tree with angled trunk often twisted or irregular and with broad crown of slender, horizontal branches; sometimes shrubby.
The strong wood has been used for archery bows, poles, canoe paddles, and small cabinetwork; however, the limited supply and small dimensions restrict use. While most parts of yew plants, are deadly poisonous, the red, juicy cup around the seed is reported to be edible, provided the poisonous seed is not chewed or swallowed. Birds eat these cups and scatter the seeds.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , WA
Canada: AB , BC
Native Distribution: Extreme s.e. AK to c. CA & n.w. MT; historically in NV
Native Habitat: Damp, partly shady, mt. ravines below 7000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Food: EDIBLE PARTS: The red arils, in small amounts, are edible. The green seed is toxic. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Use Medicinal: Taxol (terpenoid) comes from the bark and is used to treat breast and ovarian cancer. Inhibits mitosis.
Warning: Bark, leaves, seed pit (red, fleshy surrounding part, called the aril, is OK to eat). Highly Toxic! May be Fatal if Eaten! Symptoms include nervousness, trembling, slow pulse, pupil dilation, difficult breathing, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, convulsions; may be fatal. Toxic Principle: Alkaloid taxine. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 663 - Poisonous Plants of North Carolina (1994) Vondracek, W. ; L. Van Asch
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From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1991 VOL. 8, NO.4 - A National Environmental Research Plan, Director's Report, Discover the Secrets ...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Taxus brevifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Taxus brevifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Taxus brevifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-02-19
Research By: TWC Staff