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Taxodium ascendens (Pond cypress)
Brundage, Stephanie

Taxodium ascendens

Taxodium ascendens Brongn.

Pond Cypress

Cupressaceae (Cypress Family)

Synonym(s): Taxodium distichum var. imbricarium


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This deciduous, 70-80 ft. conifer is narrowly conical or columnar with spreading branches and upright branchlets. The awl-shaped foliage is bright-green changing to a rich orange-brown in fall. The bark is light-brown and deeply furrowed.


From the Image Gallery

32 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 72-100 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Jan , Dec


USA: AL , DE , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: Southeastern North America, from s.e. VA or MD to FL & west to s.e. LA, possibly n. in river valley to KY
Native Habitat: Upland areas around ponds

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Extremely wind firm. No serious disease or insect problems. A gall which so commonly effects T. distichum is less evident on T. ascendens. "Knees" do not form to the degree they do on T. distichum. Adapts to drier soils.


Description: May be propagated by seed. Success with rooting cuttings is variable.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: 90 days cold stratification overcomes internal dormancy.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: OBL OBL
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Taxodium ascendens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Taxodium ascendens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Taxodium ascendens


Record Modified: 2021-03-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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