Solidago odora Aiton
Anisescented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: SOOD
A smooth, tall, fragrant plant bearing crowded, cylindrical clusters of yellow flower heads along one side of slightly arching branches, Anise-scented goldenrod is a 2-5 ft. perennial with a neat form and rich, anise scent. The yellow inflorescence is usually one-sided, with the base wider than the tip.
The crushed leaves of Sweet Goldenrod give off an anise scent that readily identifies this widespread species. A tea can be brewed from its leaves and dried flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , KY , LA , MA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV
Native Distribution: E. TX to FL, n. to s.e. MO, c. NY & s. NH
Native Habitat: Savannas; pinelands; dry woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Average to poor, sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Solidago odora is easily kept in bounds.
BenefitUse Other: The crushed leaves of sweet goldenrod give off a licorice scent that readily identifies this widespread species. A tea can be brewed from its leaves. (Niering)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Increase by division of mature clumps or by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 186 - Goldenrod: Plants with multipurpose potential (2002) R. L. Burrows
Reslit 76 - Propagation protocol for production of Solidago odora seeds; USDA FS - National Seed Laboratory, Dry Branch, Georgia (2007) J. R. Barbour
Reslit 389 - Recognition and avoidance of the predator Phymata americana Melin on Solidago odora Ait. by late season floral visitors (1994) N. B. Elliott and L. M. Elliott
Reslit 280 - Seed germination strategies of species with restoration potential in a fire-maintained pine savanna (2006) K. L. Coffey and L. K. Kirkman
Reslit 917 - Effects of Fire on Plant Community Composition of North Florida Second Growth Pineland (1992) D. W. Mehlman
Reslit 925 - The life of a fire-adapted Florida goldenrod, Solidago odora var. chapmanii (2004) E. S. Menges and R. B. Root
Reslit 1415 - Sweet goldenrod (Solidago odora, Asteraceae): A medicine, tea, and state herb (1999) A. O. Tucker, M. J. Maciarello and K. Clancy
Reslit 1430 - Vegetation of frequently burned old-growth longleaf pine (Pinus palustris mill.) savannas on choccolocco mountain, Alabama, USA (2003) J. M. Varner, J. S. Kush and R. S. Meldahl
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago odora in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago odora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago odora
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-12
Research By: TWC Staff